Implementing Open Educational Practices (OEP)
From our ONL group discussions, it seems to me that an institutional push would probably most effective in kickstarting these practices, for example, if trainings are provided on Creative Commons Licenses, time-off given to create open educational resources etc.
To encourage more educators to share their teaching resources, it may be helpful to provide them with more opportunities to collaborate and connect with other educators internally and globally, as well as to educate them on the benefits and best practices of sharing resources.
An institutional repository can be a good stepping stone to the next level of opening up to a wider audience.
To sustain these OEP efforts, findings in a study that surveyed five higher educational institutions in Canada had these in common:
- Advocacy (Benefits)
- For the students — saving on textbooks
- For the faculty members — enhanced teaching and learning; social justice; feedback from wider audiences; career advancements
- For the institution — increased recognition and reputation
- Formulate guidelines as a foundation, governance and driver of the initiative
- Visible support from senior administration
- Develop faculty and student leadership to extend the support of the initiative
- Institutional Culture
- Develop organisational structures for collaboration across units
- Commitment of resources
- Deeper conversations with people across the institution
In the longer term, there are suggestions that the government may need to step in with a national strategy and to continue providing funding and resources. Regardless, the intrinsic motivation of more faculty that embrace open education would be equipped to design shareable learning objects and hopefully continue their open educational practices.
Morgan, Tannis & Childs, Elizabeth & Hendricks, Christina & Harrison, Michelle & DeVries, Irwin & Jhangiani, Rajiv. (2021). How Are We Doing with Open Education Practice Initiatives? Applying an Institutional Self-Assessment Tool in Five Higher Education Institutions. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning. 22. 125-140. doi.org/10.19173/irrodl.v22i4.5745.
Pawlowski, J., Pirkkalainen, H., Gervacio, J., Nordin, N., & Embi, M. (2014). Contextualization of Open Educational Resources in Asia and Europe. In B. Kim (Ed.), Open Educational Resources in Lifelong Learning (pp. 99-140). Seoul: KNOU Press.
Bossu, C and Meier, M. 2018. Exploring Initiatives for Open Educational Practices at an Australian and a Brazilian University. Journal of Interactive Media in Education, 2018(1): 16, pp. 1–9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5334/jime.475