Another amazing topic of the ONL 192 iteration is design for online and blended learning, for me topic was core and import,  I gained many skill and knowledge on how to design an online and blended course.   One of the important components to consider is how an online and blended learning approach will address emotional engagement for learning. Emotional under this context comprise, hope, pride anger, shame, boredom and hopelessness. All these are significantly related to academic achievement, student motivation, learning strategies, self regulations and value appraisal (Perkin eta al., 2010)
During the discussion in our group every one shared his/her experience regarding the designing of online course. Some have experience in design, facilitating online and blended but few of us have no experience at all… It was a very nice and practical session, one of us brought a course which was under design we used it as case, we gave our comments and input especially the part of emotion engagement

Emotional engagement in the online learning
Emotional engagement is a student’s involvement in and enthusiasm for online learning. When students are emotionally engaged, they want to participate in school, and they enjoy that participation more. There are strategies that can be used for increasing student’s engagement in online context such as increasing positive motivations and decreasing negative emotions of students: increasing intrinsic motivation, self efficacy and self regulations of students, improving cognition, and increasing higher order of thinking.
Pntaraki and Burkhoder, (2018) pointed out the following emotional strategies and techniques to employ for online and blended leaning
          I.            The use of anticipated or self referential feedback
       II.            The effect of culture emotions
    III.            Creating courses with high task  value
    IV.            Cognitive strategies
       V.            Behavioral strategies
    VI.            Collecting and analyzing students’ engagement data.

Instructional Design standard for better E learning
In designing blended and online course we need to consider for major components namely; course purpose, objective purposes content, methods to be employed and learner who is a main stake holder of that particular course. Therefore, (Chatia, B., 2018) pointed out the following standards with are essentials for an effective blended and online course

  •  Identify the purpose of the course 
  • Framing instructional objective
  • Aligning content with objectives
  • Deciding on strategies to facilitate learning
  • providing practices with feedback
  • Engaging interactivity
  • Learning assessment

Design online and blended topic together with previous one covered in this iteration provides a better way and effective implementation  of an online course for my students which will significantly add me with potential pedagogical approaches.

Chetia, B. (2018), Instructional Design standards for Better E learning. Availale at (Accessed: 07/12/ 2019)

Pentaraki, A. and Burkholder, G. J. (2018) ‘Emerging Evidence Regarding the Roles of Emotional, Behavioural, and Cognitive Aspects of Student Engagement in the Online Classroom’, European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning, pp. 1–21