Constructivism is a learning theory found in psychology which explains how people might acquire knowledge and learn. It therefore has direct application to education. The theory suggests that humans construct knowledge and meaning from their experiences. From this perspective, Learning is a social activity – it is something we do together, in interaction with each other, rather than an abstract concept (Saul McLeod, 2019 in Dewey, 1938)I too believe that, learning is a social activity.  For example, Vygotsky (1978) believed that community plays a central role in the process of “making meaning.” Thus, all teaching and learning is a matter of sharing and negotiating socially constituted knowledge.

The concepts of community learning reflects how human being  depend from each other in a learning process, the need interaction and collaboration with each other in a well networked environment and this what happens through the ONL 192

Topic three was very interesting, we discussed and learn so many things such as the importance of collaborative learning, how to constructive knowledge collaboratively, how to manage collaborative learning (Pedagogical approach), skills needed for effective community learning, and challenges of community or collaborative learning.

Sources of challenges of students involved in online collaborative learning can be

  •          Perception of an asymmetric collaboration among the teammates   
  •      Lack of shared goals among the team members
  •     Imbalance in the level of communication
  •     Difficulties in communicatio

  •     Lack of instructors’ support/orientation and

  •      Problems in reaching consensus (Capdeferro, N.,& Romeo, M. 2012)

Emotion words listed by academic writers; words size is proportional to frequency (n 1223)

These challenges can be avoided by supplying a learning environment that facilitate social interaction, collaboration, effective support in technology and should be provide with enough information about the online learning models in general in order to allow them to adjust their expectations, preferences and decision making concerning their enrollment in online learning.
Despite of all the challenge of online collaborative learning, it should be noted that learning communities has been marked as key feature of the 21th century in schools especially higher learning institutions. Lichtenste and Wakings (2005) pointed those significant outcomes of student’s participation in learning in communities, such as higher retention rates, integration of academic and social skills experiences, higher intrinsic motivation, lower risk of withdrawal, increased cognitive skills, gains in multiple areas of skills and overall satisfaction with the college experience.
In conclusion, I would quote one of colleague contribution during the brainstorming session of topic three “Failure, errors, and mistakes can be very important not only in the group’s socialization process, but also as a way of dealing with power asymmetries that can otherwise be hidden in effective groups. the process of failure can be important when you learn in cooperative ways- because you learn new things, unlearn and rethink about things that are taken for granted” consider that online collaborative learning is dynamic, there variations across communities, culture, belief, understanding and so forth.


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Capdeferro, N., & Romero, M. (2012). Are online learners frustrated with collaborative learning experiences? The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning13(2), 26-44.
Lichtenstein, M. (2005). The importance of classroom environments in the assessment of learning community outcomes. Journal of College Student Development, 46(4), 341–356.
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Saul, M,,(2019). “Constructivism as a theory for teaching and learning” available at
Wu, J. H., Tennyson, R. D. and Hsia, T. L. (2010) ‘A study of student satisfaction in a blended e-learning system environment’, Computers and Education. Elsevier Ltd, 55(1), pp. 155–164