The Impact of Openness on Bridging Educational Digital Divides” by Andy Lane ( has been published in 2009 and the importance of openness in education was already dividing teachers.
“Openness has been a feature of higher education for many decades, particularly through the establishment of open universities, although there remain debates about what openness means in practice”
Nowadays, it is still a challenge for new teachers and is still in debate. So, it is an essential aspect to consider at university as it gives the same opportunities for everybody (free access and use for learners at their own convenience). It provides sharing and collaboration between teachers as new methods need to be found every day. AI now plays a big role in this kind of education as it can be used to personalize different experiences and adapt them consequently but still in debate between teachers community as it can also be considered as a restriction to educational resources in some aspects: reflection on AI and openness: ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND EDUCATION A critical view through the lens of human rights, democracy and the rule of law p33 –
Focus on challenges from the past that have been solved and how to compare them with the situation today. Plagiarism in open teaching?

Open Educational Practices:

In the 21st century, technology has revived participatory teaching and learning. Open Educational Resources, online courses, and open-source tech enable knowledge sharing. The Open Education Movement seeks new teaching methods for active higher education involvement. An analytical framework was created through a literature review and focus groups to assess collaborative teaching. It integrates participation models and teaching dimensions. This study enriches Open Educational Practices discussion by exploring open learning interpretations.

-> A multidimensional and analytical perspective on Open Educational Practices in the 21st century (Bonny Brandenburger, 2022):

Shares for educational resources

In his study, Paskevicius (2017), explores how open educational practices (OEP) can be better understood and implemented through the framework of constructive alignment. Constructive alignment involves strategically coordinating various elements within education, including learning outcomes, resources, teaching activities, and evaluation.

In terms of learning outcomes, the idea is to have well-defined objectives that are easily accessible to students. In some cases, students might even participate in shaping these outcomes, cultivating a more learner-centric approach. However, this can be a complex endeavor for both educators and students.

Open Educational Resources (OER) play a key role in OEP. These openly available materials are fundamental to open education and can provide a convenient starting point for learning. However, challenges might arise in terms of the quality and appropriateness of these resources.

OEP also encourages innovative teaching methods, often utilizing OER, and collaborative learning activities that can be organized within open communities. However, educators embracing OEP might encounter resistance from students accustomed to more traditional approaches. Clear communication about the benefits of OEP can help bridge this gap and engage students more effectively.

Furthermore, OEP can involve students in producing work that extends beyond the scope of traditional assessment, potentially having a broader impact on the community. Nevertheless, it’s important to ensure that students who are new to creating academic content receive appropriate guidance and support during the evaluation process.


Integrating open educational practices with the framework of constructive alignment enhances open education by aligning learning outcomes, resources, teaching approaches, and evaluation methods. This approach promotes a learner-centric perspective, encourages the use of open resources, supports innovative teaching strategies, and fosters community engagement. It also emphasizes the need for thoughtful evaluation and support for students as they participate in OEP.

In conclusion, sharing and openness should necessarily be used in education. Technological strides like Open Educational Resources and open-source technologies break barriers, facilitating widespread knowledge exchange. Aligned with the Open Education Movement, this shift spurs innovative teaching methods that prioritize active learner involvement. A derived analytical framework, shaped by thorough research, serves as a guidepost for collaborative teaching. This framework bridges established participation models with diverse teaching dimensions. Ultimately, this study enriches the discourse on open educational practices, propelling education into a future defined by accessible and interconnected learning.


Topic 2: Sharing and openness